Alloy (according to DIN EN 14700)

Chemical weld metal analysis (in wt.-%)
Alloy Suitability C Cr Ni Mn Mo W V Nb Fe Co Cu Al Other
Fe1 p ≤0.4 ≤3.5 ≤3 ≤4.5 ≤1 ≤1 ≤1 - Bal. - - - Si, Ti
Fe2 p (g) s 0.4
to
1.5
≤7 ≤1 ≤3 ≤4 ≤1 ≤1 - Bal. ≤1 ≤1 - Si, Ti
Fe3 s t 0.1
to
0.5
1
to
15
≤5 ≤3 ≤5 ≤10 ≤1.5 ≤3 Bal. ≤13 - - Si, Ti
Fe4 s t (p) 0.2
to
1.5
2
to
10
≤4 ≤3 ≤10 ≤20 ≤4 - Bal. ≤5 - - Si, Ti
Fe5 c p s t w ≤0.5 ≤0.1 17
to
22
≤1 3
to
5
- - - Bal. 10
to
15
- ≤1 Si, Ti
Fe6 g p s ≤2.5 ≤10 - ≤3 ≤3 - - ≤10 Bal. - - - Si, Ti
Fe7 c p t ≤0.2 11
to
30
≤6 ≤3 ≤2 - ≤1 ≤1 Bal. - - - Si, N
Fe8 g p t 0.2
to
2
5
to
20
- ≤3 ≤5 ≤2 ≤2 ≤10 Bal. - - - Si, Ti
Fe9 k p (n) ≤1.2 ≤20 ≤5 9
to
20
≤2 - ≤1 - Bal. - - - Si, Ti
Fe10 c k p z (n) ≤0.25 17
to
22
7
to
11
3
to
8
≤1.5 - - ≤1.5 Bal. - - - Si
Fe11 c n z ≤0.3 17
to
32
8
to
20
≤3 ≤4 - - ≤1.5 Bal. - - - Si, Cu
Fe12 c n (z) ≤0.12 7
to
17
9
to
26
≤3 ≤4 - - ≤1.5 Bal. - - - Si
Fe13 g ≤1.5 ≤7 ≤4 ≤3 ≤4 - - - Bal. - - - Si, B, Ti
Fe14 g (c) 1.5
to
4.5
25
to
40
≤4 ≤3 ≤4 - - - Bal. - - - Si
Fe15 g 3
to
7
20
to
40
≤4 ≤3 ≤2 - - ≤10 Bal. - - - Si, B
Fe16 g z 4
to
8
10
to
40
- ≤3 ≤10 ≤10 ≤10 ≤10 Bal. - - - Si, B
Fe17 c k p v ≤0.3 ≤20 ≤5 8
to
20
≤2 ≤0,3 - - Bal. 10
to
15
- - Si
Fe20 c g t z - - - - - - - - Bal. - - - Hart-
stoff
Ni1 c p t ≤1 15
to
30
Bal. ≤1 ≤6 ≤2 ≤1 - ≤5 - - - Si, B
Ni2 c k p t z ≤0.1 14
to
30
Bal. ≤1.5 10
to
30
≤8 ≤1 ≤5 ≤10 ≤5 - - Si, Ti
Ni3 c p t ≤1 ≤15 Bal. ≤1 ≤6 ≤2 ≤1 - ≤5 - - - Si, B
Ni4 c k p t z ≤0.1 1
to
20
Bal. ≤1.5 ≤30 ≤8 ≤1 ≤5 ≤3 ≤15 - ≤3 Si, Ti
Ni20 c g t z - - Bal. - - - - - - - - - Hart-
stoff
Co1 c k t z ≤0,6 20
to
35
≤10 0.1
to
2
≤10 ≤15 - ≤1 ≤5 - - - Si
Co2 t z (c) (s) 0.6
to
3
20
to
35
≤4 0.1
to
2
- 4
to
10
- - ≤5 - - - Si
Co3 t z (c) (s) 1
to
3
20
to
35
≤4 ≤2 ≤1 6
to
15
- - ≤5 - - - Si
Cr1 g n 1
to
5
Bal. - ≤1 - - 15
to
30
- ≤5 - - - Si, B, Zr
Cu1 c (n) - - ≤6 ≤2 - - - - ≤5 - Bal. 7
to
15
Sn
Cu2 c (n) - - ≤6 ≤15 - - - - ≤5 - Bal. ≤9 Sn
Al1 c n - - 10
to
35
≤0.5 - - - - - - ≤6 Bal. Si
Z - any other compostion
Suitability: c: stainless, n: non-magnetizable, v: cavitation resistant, g: grinding resistant, p: impact resistant, t: heat resistant, k: workhardenable, s: edge-holding, z: scaling resistant, w: precipitation hardened

Applications (Tribology)

Overview Wear Applications
SYSTEM STRUCTURE WEAR CHARACTER COPONENT EXAMPLE ALLOY* ALLOY**
Solid body – solid body
Solid body - friction
Dry friction
Mixed friction



Sliding wear Guide way, slide bar Fe1, Fe2, Fe3, Cu1 A, B, C, T
Impingent wear
impact wear
Sledge hammer Fe9, Fe10, Al1, Ni1, Ni4 G, H, S
Rocker level, cams Fe1, Fe2, Fe3 A, B, C
Rolling wear
Ball bearing wear
Tram rail Fe9, Fe10 G, H
Rotor Fe1, Fe2, Fe3, Fe9 A, B, C, G
Rolling impact wear
Thermal shock
Casting guidance roller Fe7 E
Roller conveyor roll Fe3, Fe6, Fe7, Fe8 C, E, F
Driver unit roll, coiler Fe3 C
Forging die Fe3, Fe4, Fe6, Fe8, Co1-3, Ni2, Ni4 C, D, F
Impact sliding wear, cold Shear blade, vutting edge Fe4, Fe5, Fe8, Co1-3 D, F, O
Impact sliding wear,
warm
Warm shear blade Fe3, Fe4, Co2, Ni2, Ni4 C, D, P, S
Hole bar Fe3, Fe4, Co2, Ni2, Ni4 C, D, P
Solid body – solid body
with particles

Impact sliding wear Milling jaw, milling hammer Fe6, Fe8, Fe9, Fe14 F, G, L
Cleat Fe6. Fe8, Fe9 F, G
Spike breaker Fe6, Fe8, Fe9, Fe13-15 F, K, L, M, N
Bandage for cement milling breaker Fe13-15 K, L, M
Coal-, ore ring Fe8, Fe13-15 F, K, L, M
Grid bar, grid beam Fe13-15 K, L, M
Solid body - particles
high surface pressure
and impacts
Impact sliding wear Ploughshare, bucket knife Fe15, Fe20, Ni20 M
Dropping table, chute Fe14, Fe15, Fe20, Ni20 L, M
Wear plate Fe14, Fe15, Ni1-4, Ni20 L, M
Solid body – solid body
and particles
high surface pressure

Grooving wear Extruder Fe14, Fe15, Fe20, Ni1, Ni3, Ni20, Co1-3 L, M, P, Q
Decanter Fe14, Fe15, Fe20, Ni1, Ni3, Ni20, Co2, Cr1 L, M, P, Q
Bucket knife Fe15, Fe20, Ni20 M
Pickup Fe2, Fe6, Fe8 B, F
Mixer parts Fe6, Fe8, Fe14, Fe20, Ni1, Ni3, Ni20 F, L, Q
Brick pressing form Fe6, Fe8, Fe14, Ni1, Ni3 F, L
Milling segment, milling ring Fe14 L
Solid body - particles
and gas

Particle based sliding
wear (T>500°C)
Blast furnace -, converter gas valve Fe6, Fe7, Fe8 E, F
Blast furnace top Fe3, Fe6, Fe8, (Fe16) C, F, (N)
Bast furnace feeding hopper Fe15, Fe16 M, N
Spike breaker, grate bar Fe7, Co1, Co2 E, O, P
Fan rotor, reinforcing bar Fe10, Fe15, Fe16, Fe20, Ni1-4, Ni20 H, M, N, Q
Fan wheel, wear plate Fe14, Fe15, Fe20, Ni1, Ni3, Ni20 L, M, Q
Solid body - fluid
and particles

Elutriation wear,
fluid erosion
Steel tube Fe14, F15 L, M
Sea shovel excavator guides Fe6, Fe8 F
Fluid pump Fe6, Fe7, Fe8, Ni1, Ni3 E, F
Mixer parts Fe6, Fe7, Fe8 E, F
Erosion, corrosion Marine propeller Cu1 T
Water turbine Fe7, Cu1 E, T
Solid body - fluid Corrosion Chemical device Fe7, Fe11, Fe12 E
Gadge valve seats Fe7, Fe11, Fe12 E, O, P
* alloy group according to DIN EN 14700:2014
** alloy group according to DIN 8555-1

Shielding gas (according to DIN EN ISO 14175)

Classification of shielding gases
Symbol Components in vol.-% (nominal)
Group Ident.-
No.
Oxidising Inert Reductive Sluggish in reaction
CO2 O2 Ar He H2 N2
I 1 100
2 100
3 Bal. 0.5≤He≤95
M1 1 0.5≤CO2≤5 Bal. 0.5≤H2≤5
2 0.5≤CO2≤5 Bal.
3 0.5≤O2≤3 Bal.
4 0.5≤CO2≤5 0.5≤O2≤3 Bal.
M2 0 5≤CO2≤15 Bal.
1 15≤CO2≤25 Bal.
2 3≤O2≤10 Bal.
3 0.5≤CO2≤5 3≤O2≤10 Bal.
4 5≤CO2≤15 0.5≤O2≤3 Bal.
5 5≤CO2≤15 3≤O2≤10 Bal.
6 15≤CO2≤25 0.5≤O2≤3 Bal.
7 15≤CO2≤25 3≤O2≤10 Bal.
M3 1 25≤CO2≤50 Bal.
2 10≤O2≤15 Bal.
3 25≤CO2≤50 2≤O2≤10 Bal.
4 5≤CO2≤25 10≤O2≤15 Bal.
5 25≤CO2≤50 10≤O2≤15 Bal.
C 1 100
2 Bal. 0.5≤O2≤30
R 1 Bal. 0.5≤H2≤15
2 Bal. 15≤H2≤50
N 1 100
2 Bal. 0.5≤N2≤5
3 Bal. 5≤N2≤50
4 Bal. 0.5≤H2≤10 0.5≤N2≤5
5 0.5≤H2≤50 Bal.
O 1 100
Z Composition outside the specifications.

Deposition rate

Welding Recommendations
Process ∅ [mm] Amperage [A] Voltage [V] Depsotion
rate [kg/h]
Oxy-acetylene
- powder
- rod

-
3 - 8

-
-

-
-

0.2 - 1
to 2
Standard-
Electrode
4
5
180
250
24
25
1.62
2.01
High Performance
Electrode
4
5
240
350
25
26
2.97
4.30
Solid wire 1.2
1.5
150 - 300
200 - 390
23 - 30
25 - 33
2.2 / 5
3 / 5.5
Cored wire 1.6
2.4
2.8
3.2
150 - 300
240 - 400
270 - 450
300 - 500
25 - 29
26 - 31
26 - 31
26 - 31
3 / 6.5
4 / 7.5
5 / 9.5
6 / 11
PTA - 50 - 400 20 - 50 0.5 - 20

Conversion table

Millimeter-Inches
Dia. [mm] Dia. [inch.] Dia. [mm] Dia. [inch.]
1.2 3/64 2.4 3/32
1.6 1/16 2.8 7/64
2.0 5/64 3.2 1/8

Hardness conversion

Umrechnungstabelle
Vickers HV
[kg/mm2]
Brinell HB
[kg/mm2]
Rockwell HRc
[kg/mm2]
Vickers HV
[kg/mm2]
Brinell HB
[kg/mm2]
Rockwell HRc
[kg/mm2]
200 200 12.6 455 430 45.3
205 205 13.4 460 434 45.7
210 210 14.2 465 438 46.0
215 215 15.0 470 442 46.4
220 220 16.0 475 447 46.8
225 225 17.0 480 452 47.2
230 230 18.0 485 457 47.6
235 235 19.0 490 462 47.9
240 240 20.0 495 466 48.2
245 245 21.0 500 469 48.5
250 250 22.0 510 477 49.1
255 255 22.8 520 485 49.7
260 260 23.6 530 493 50.3
265 265 24.4 540 501 50.9
270 270 25.2 550 509 51.5
275 275 26.0 560 517 52.1
280 280 26.8 570 525 52.7
285 285 27.6 580 533 53.3
290 290 28.3 590 540 53.9
300 300 29.7 600 546 54.5
305 305 30.4 610 555 55.0
310 310 31.1 620 563 55.5
315 315 31.8 630 571 56.0
320 320 32.4 640 579 56.5
325 324 33.0 650 588 57.0
330 328 33.6 660 596 57.5
335 332 34.2 670 - 58.0
340 336 34.8 680 - 58.5
345 340 35.4 690 - 59.0
350 345 36.0 700 - 59.5
355 349 36.5 710 - 60.0
360 353 37.0 720 - 60.5
365 357 37.5 730 - 61.0
370 360 38.0 740 - 61.4
375 365 38.5 750 - 61.8
380 369 39.0 760 - 62.2
385 373 39.5 770 - 62.6
390 377 40.0 780 - 63.0
395 381 40.5 790 - 63.4
400 385 40.9 800 - 63.8
40.5 389 41,3 810 - 64.2
410 394 41.7 820 - 64.6
415 398 42.1 830 - 65.0
420 402 42.5 840 - 65.4
425 406 42.9 850 - 65.7
430 410 43.3 860 - 66.0
435 414 43.7 870 - 66.4
440 418 44.1 880 - 66.7
445 422 44.5 890 - 67.0
450 426 44.9 900 - 67.3

Mesh-Micrometer-conversion

Conversion table
Mikrometer Mesh UK Mesh USA (ASTM) Mesh USA (TYLER)
8000 n/a 5/16 in 2.5
6700 1 0.265 in 3
5600 3 3.5 3.5
4750 3.5 n/a 4
4000 4 5 5
3350 5 6 6
2800 6 7 7
2360 7 8 8
2000 8 10 9
1700 10 12 10
1400 12 14 12
1180 14 16 14
1000 16 18 16
850 18 20 20
710 22 25 24
600 25 30 28
500 30 35 32
425 36 40 35
355 44 45 42
300 52 50 48
250 60 60 60
212 72 70 65
180 85 80 80
150 100 100 100
125 120 120 115
106 150 140 150
90 170 170 170
75 200 200 200
63 240 230 250
53 300 270 270
45 350 325 325
38 400 400 400
32 440 450 n/a
25 n/a 500 500
0 n/a 635 n/a

Sales Units

Overview
Wire Coil Plastic Coil Drum
Net Weight: 15 kg 25 kg 15 kg 25 kg 100/150 kg 200/250 kg
outer diameter: 300 mm 435 mm 300 mm 435 mm 550 mm
Inner diameter: 51.5 mm 300 mm 51.5 mm 300 mm
Width: 103 mm 105 mm 103 mm 105 mm - -
Height: - - - - 400 mm 800 mm
Standard: EN 759 /
S 300
EN 759 /
BS 435
EN ISO 14919
(BS 300)
EN ISO 14919
(R 435)
- -